analyze


analyze
analyze, resolve, dissect, break down mean to divide a complex whole or unit into its component parts or constituent elements. When their corresponding nouns (analysis, resolution, dissection, breakdown) denote such a division, they are similarly applied and are distinguishable by the same implications.
Analyze and analysis presuppose a personal agent and stress division for the sake of determining a thing’s true nature or the inner relationship of its parts
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analyze a sentence

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analyze the plot of a novel

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Liebig, by analyzing foodstuffs of every kind, came to the conclusion that the principal elements of food are proteins, fats, and carbohydrates

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he would take a place or a fork or a bell, set it to ringing by a blow, and analyze the combination of musical notes which it emitted— Darrow

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analysis of material objects into electrons and protons— Inge

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Sometimes these words specifically suggest an intent to discover or uncover qualities, causes, effects, motives, or possibilities often as a basis for action or for a judgment
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analyze the condition of a business before investing in it

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analyze the potential market for cotton

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I could not then so far analyze all that is roughly lumped together as “religion” as to disentangle the essential from the accidental— Ellis

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Often, especially in chemistry and other sciences, the words imply close examination as for detecting impurities or the quantity or quality of each of the constituent elements
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analyze a city’s water supply

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analyze a hypothesis

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Resolve and resolution only occasionally imply a personal agent; they therefore seldom suggest more than the actual division or separation into elements or parts
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star clusters . . . so distant that even in telescopes of great power they could not be resolvedLockyer

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nothing but death was strong enough to shatter that inherited restraint and resolve it into tenderness— Glasgow

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Sometimes, especially in medicine, resolve or resolution implies a breaking up or disintegration and usually, as a consequence, a dissipation or scattering
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resolution of the exudate during recovery from pneumonia

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Dissect and dissection stress the actual and visible separation of parts; thus, one dissects or cuts into sections an animal or a plant so that its physical structure can be studied; in extended or figurative use, one dissects something when one takes it to pieces and offers it for examination from every angle and in every detail, pleasant or unpleasant
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we dissect the senseless body, and why not the mind?— Wordsworth

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the student who is willing . . . to discipline his mind by the patient correlation of facts and the fearless dissection of theories— Baerlein

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when you . . . dissect the Odyssey, what amazing artifice is found under that apparently straightforward tale!— Quiller-Couch

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Break down and breakdown are used chiefly with reference to topics (as financial reports, statements, or estimates) that involve numbers or quantities, or to substances separated by chemical agents. In both situations these words imply reduction to simpler parts or divisions
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a consolidated balance sheet is often accompanied by a breakdown giving a detailed statement for each of the main items involved

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In chemistry division into simpler substances rather than into elements is typically implied
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proteins are broken down by enzymes into amino acids

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Analogous words: *separate, divide, part: classify, pigeonhole, *assort
Antonyms: compose, compound: construct
Contrasted words: *integrate, concatenate, articulate

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Analyze — An a*lyze, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Analyzed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Analyzing}.] [Cf. F. analyser. See {Analysis}.] 1. To subject to analysis; to resolve (anything complex) into its elements; to separate into the constituent parts, for the purpose of an… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • analyze — [v1] examine and determine assay, beat a dead horse*, chew over*, confab*, consider, estimate, evaluate, figure, figure out, get down to brass tacks*, hash*, inspect, interpret, investigate, judge, kick around*, rehash, resolve, scrutinize, sort… …   New thesaurus

  • analyze — I verb anatomize, audit, canvass, conduct an inquiry, consider, delineate, delve into, dissect, examine, examine critically, explore, hold an inquiry, inquire into, institute an inquiry, investigate, make an analysis, make an inquiry, probe,… …   Law dictionary

  • analyze — an‧a‧lyze [ˈænl aɪz] also analyse verb [transitive] 1. to examine or think about something carefully in order to see what it is like or to understand it: • The data is collected and then analyzed on computer. 2. ACCOUNTING to separate and examin …   Financial and business terms

  • analyze — (v.) c.1600, to dissect, from Fr. analyser, from analyse (see ANALYSIS (Cf. analysis)). Literature sense is attested from 1610s; meaning in chemistry dates from 1660s. General sense of to examine closely dates from 1809; psychological sense is… …   Etymology dictionary

  • analyze — (Amer.) v. break down into parts and study closely (i.e. a subject); examine, make an analysis (also analyse) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • analyze — (Brit. analyse) ► VERB 1) examine in detail the elements or structure of. 2) psychoanalyse. DERIVATIVES analyzable adjective analyzer noun …   English terms dictionary

  • analyze — [an′ə līz΄] vt. analyzed, analyzing [Fr analyser < analyse, ANALYSIS] 1. to separate (a thing, idea, etc.) into its parts so as to find out their nature, proportion, function, interrelationship, etc. 2. to examine in detail so as to determine… …   English World dictionary

  • Analyze — This article is about a software package. For other meanings, see analysis. Analyze is a software package developed by the Biomedical Imaging Resource (BIR) at Mayo Clinic for multi dimensional display, processing, and measurement of multi… …   Wikipedia

  • analyze — transitive verb ( lyzed; lyzing) Etymology: probably irregular from analysis Date: 1587 1. to study or determine the nature and relationship of the parts of by analysis < analyze a traffic pattern > 2. to su …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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